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Bloodborne Pathogens

Bloodborne pathogens are spread through contamination with blood or other body fluid from an infected person. In a healthcare setting, this contact is primarily through contaminated needles, syringes, or other sharp instruments. Common bloodborne pathogens associated with healthcare transmission include hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and, to a lesser degree, HIV. A single case of any of these pathogens presenting as a possible consequence of a healthcare exposure usually warrants prompt and thorough investigation.

Featured Resources:

Resources for the investigation of healthcare-associated infections with HBV, HCV or other bloodborne pathogens include:

Additional Guidance and Useful Information:

  • U.S. Outbreak investigations involving healthcare-associated HBV and HCV were summarized in this open access journal article which includes examples involving unsafe injections, dialysis and diabetes care
  • CORHA Dialysis and Drug Diversion topic pages
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